The Village of Euxton, Lancashire, England.
The Village of Euxton, Lancashire, England.The Village of Euxton, Lancashire, England.
Euxton dot com


The modified Shield of Arms of the
Ancient Village of Euxton, Lancashire, England. Euxton dot com (TM) an ancient village.


The history of the harmonica.

It is not the history of the harmonica, that is the "best" of this amazing tale which began in the year 1821, but it the amazing fact of the pure pleasure that sixteen-year-old Christian Friedrich Buschmann inflicted upon us with his new musical invention.

The history of the harmonica, as we know it today, is an amazing tale which begins in the year 1821. It was then that sixteen-year-old Christian Friedrich Buschmann registered the first European patents for his new musical invention. His so called "aura" was a free-reed instrument consisting of a series of steel reeds arranged together horizontally in small channels. An awkward design, it offered only blow notes arranged chromatically.


Buschmann described his new instrument to his brother as "a new instrument that is truly remarkable. In its entirety it measures but four inches in diameter...but gives me twenty-one notes, and all the pianissimos and crescendos one could want without a keyboard, harmonies of six tones, and the ability to hold a note as long as one would wish to." 


Initial designs by Buschmann were widely imitated, leading to many modifications and advancements. A Bohemian instrument maker named Richter may have made the most important advancements in early harmonica design. Around 1826, he developed a variation that consisted of ten holes and twenty reeds, with separate blow and draw reed plates mounted on either side of a cedar comb. Richter's tuning, utilizing a diatonic scale, became the standard configuration of what Europeans referred to as the Mundharmonika or mouth organ


In 1857, the history of the harmonica changed dramatically as German clock maker Matthias Hohner turned to manufacturing harmonicas full-time. With the help of his family and a hired workman, he was able to produce 650 instruments that year. Soon after, he added local workers and developed mass production techniques.


Young Hohner was an outstanding businessman and showed his marketing savvy by developing the charactoristic ornate cover plates bearing the producer's name.

Hohner USA

He introduced the harmonica to North America in 1862, a move which would propel the Hohner company to its status as world leader in harmonicas. By 1887, Hohner was producing more than one million harmonicas annually.  Today, Hohner produces over 90 different models of harmonica, with a variety of styles and tunings which allows the player freedom of expression in all forms of music, from Classical and Jazz to Blues, Country and Rock, to music of the people worldwide.


But, who writes history?
If it was not for the Le Oskar Major Diatomic (C) sitting besides my computer
would we write about Harmonicas, today?
Or, is it because, we drew (and blew) our first breath on an Hohner and ........?


But, for most of us, in 1857, the history of the harmonica changed dramatically as German clock maker Matthias Hohner turned to manufacturing harmonic. With the help of his family and a hired workman, he was able to produce 650 instruments that year. Soon after, he added local workers and developed mass production techniques.

  Index YarraVille Mouth Organ Club, Melbourne Purchase links and other
Chromatic Diatonic Octave Tremolo History History 2
Nostalgia Play Style Prayer Types Which Key Euxton



The modified Shield of Arms of the
Ancient Village of Euxton, Lancashire, England. Euxton dot com (TM) an ancient village.

The Village of Euxton, Lancashire, England.
The Village of Euxton, Lancashire, England.The Village of Euxton, Lancashire, England.
Euxton dot com